When a primary combination of just carbon and steel is used to fuse together a new alloy the result is a hardened alloy, capable of being used in applications where the need of a super durable component or part is much needed. Use of carbon steel is used to make myriad parts that are heat treated to increase its hardness, but also results in decreasing its ductility. This decreased ductility of the alloy, makes post-process or machine working the alloy difficult. Use of various additional metals like molybdenum, cobalt, manganese or iron along with chromium increases additional properties of the alloy and give it much needed strength.
Flanges made from carbon steel are capable of being used in several machine frameworks, due to its hardened nature and capability to sustain any amount of workload without losing its physical composure or mechanical properties. Use of a high amount of carbon in the alloy can make automated machining difficult due to the possibility of chipping or deforming the core alloy, which calls for high temperature manual work to carve the Flanges. Carbon forged Flanges do not allow any formation of oxide layers on its surface, considering the addition of chromium in its core structure which forms a chromium oxide layer on its surface.